The Art of Hanging Kokedama: A Beautiful Fusion of Nature and Craftsmanship


In a world where urbanization and technology have taken center stage, people are increasingly seeking ways to reconnect with nature. One such art form that has gained popularity in recent years is Kokedama, a Japanese technique of creating hanging gardens that brings the beauty of the outdoors into our homes. Kokedama, which translates to “moss ball,” is a captivating and eco-friendly way to display plants while adding a touch of artistry to our living spaces. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of hanging Kokedama, from its origins to the art of making and maintaining these captivating living sculptures.

The Origins of Kokedama

Kokedama has its roots in Japan, where it emerged as a creative and sustainable way to grow and display plants. The practice is believed to have originated in the early 17th century as an offshoot of the traditional Japanese art of bonsai. Over the centuries, Kokedama has evolved into a distinct and elegant form of plant art.

The core concept of Kokedama revolves around creating a self-contained ecosystem for a plant, which is then suspended in the air using various techniques. This allows the plant to thrive in a unique and visually appealing way, making it a wonderful addition to both indoor and outdoor spaces.

Materials and Plants for Kokedama

Before delving into the art of making Kokedama, it’s essential to gather the right materials and choose suitable plants. The materials you’ll need include:

  1. Potting Mix: A mixture of peat moss and bonsai soil is commonly used to create a well-draining and nutrient-rich environment for the plant.
  2. Sphagnum Moss: Sphagnum moss serves as the outer layer of the Kokedama, helping to retain moisture and provide a natural appearance.
  3. Twine or String: This is used to bind the moss and soil together to form the Kokedama ball.
  4. Plants: Selecting the right plants is crucial for successful Kokedama. Small ferns, succulents, and bonsai trees are popular choices due to their adaptability and aesthetics.

Creating a Kokedama

Now that we have the materials ready, let’s explore the step-by-step process of creating a hanging Kokedama:

  1. Choose Your Plant: Start by selecting a plant that suits your space and climate. Ensure it’s healthy and has well-developed roots.
  2. Prepare the Soil Mix: Mix the peat moss and bonsai soil in a 1:1 ratio. Ensure it’s moist but not waterlogged.
  3. Remove Excess Soil: Gently remove excess soil from the plant’s roots, leaving enough to form a stable ball.
  4. Wrap with Moss: Take a handful of damp sphagnum moss and wrap it around the plant’s root ball, securing it with twine or string.
  5. Form the Ball: Gradually shape the moss-covered root ball into a spherical shape, ensuring it’s compact and secure.
  6. Wrap with Twine: Once you have a well-formed Kokedama, wrap it tightly with twine or string, creating a crisscross pattern to hold the moss and soil in place.
  7. Water and Hang: Soak the Kokedama in a basin of water until it’s thoroughly saturated, then let it drain. Hang it using a sturdy hook or rope in your desired location.

Maintaining Your Kokedama

Maintaining a Kokedama is relatively straightforward but requires regular attention to keep it healthy and attractive:

  1. Watering: Kokedama requires regular watering to keep the moss and soil moist but not waterlogged. Submerge it in water for a few minutes, allowing it to drain before rehanging.
  2. Light: Place your Kokedama in an area with suitable light for the plant species you’ve chosen. Some plants prefer indirect sunlight, while others thrive in brighter conditions.
  3. Pruning: Trim any excess growth or dead leaves to maintain the Kokedama’s shape and appearance.
  4. Fertilizing: Provide liquid fertilizer at half the recommended strength during the growing season (spring and summer) to ensure your plant gets essential nutrients.
  5. Repotting: Over time, the Kokedama may outgrow its current form. When this happens, carefully unwrap the twine, refresh the soil, trim the roots if necessary, and reshape the Kokedama.

The Beauty of Kokedama in Home Decor

One of the most enchanting aspects of Kokedama is its versatility in home decor. Here are some creative ways to incorporate Kokedama into your living spaces:

  1. Hanging Gardens: Use various Kokedama sizes and plant types to create a stunning hanging garden in a well-lit corner of your home.
  2. Table Centerpieces: Place Kokedama arrangements as centerpieces on your dining or coffee table, adding a touch of nature to your gatherings.
  3. Wall Art: Arrange Kokedama in a vertical fashion on a wall to create living wall art that breathes life into any room.
  4. Bathroom Oasis: Hang Kokedama in your bathroom to add a spa-like atmosphere with moisture-loving plants.
  5. Gifts and Favors: Give Kokedama as unique and personalized gifts or party favors for special occasions.


Hanging Kokedama is more than just a plant display technique; it’s an art form that celebrates the beauty of nature while adding a touch of elegance to our living spaces. With its origins rooted in Japan and a focus on sustainability and creativity, Kokedama has captured the hearts of plant enthusiasts and interior designers alike. Whether you’re an experienced gardener or a novice, creating and maintaining Kokedama can be a rewarding and meditative experience that brings the serenity of nature into your home. So, embrace this art form, experiment with different plant species, and enjoy the soothing and aesthetic allure of hanging Kokedama in your daily life.


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